Dictionary of Ichthyology  

cod = Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua (Gadidae), a former mainstay of the fisheries and cultural life in eastern Canada and in Europe with many terms associated with its fishery.

Cod fishing on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland in the nineteenth century. From Whymper's "The Fisheries of the World", 1883. Photograph by Brian W. Coad.

Canadian Museum of Nature