Dictionary of Ichthyology  

snare = a running noose on the end of a pole that can be used to catch a fish. It may be passive with the fish's movements causing the snare to close or more usually it is actively used when fish in shallow water, such as on spawning grounds, have a snare slipped over their head and pulled tight. The snare may be baited or run through a hollow stick (stick-snare).

From Umali, A. F. 1950. Guide to the classification of fishing gear in the Philippines. Research Report 17, Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington.

Canadian Museum of Nature