Dictionary of Ichthyology  

pharyngobranchial = the deep, endochondral bone at the top of the gill arch. May bear the upper pharyngeal and a dentigerous plate. May occur on arches 1, 2, 3, 4. Also called super-pharyngeals or superior pharyngeals. Suprapharyngobranchials are never associated with teeth while infrapharyngobranchials may be associated with dermal plates bearing teeth.
Visceral arch of Scyllium (= Scyliorhinus), BH = basihyal, C = copula (united basibranchials), E = epihyal, H = hypohyal, HM = hyomandibula, HY = hyoid, K = keratobranchial, P = pharyngobranchial, from Kingsley's "Textbook of Vertebrate Zoology, 1906. Photograph by Brian W. Coad.

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